发表时间:2018-04-17 11:00:22Locals perform a dance drama based on tea culture at a tea garden in Longtou Village of Pingli County， Ankang City， northwest China’s Shaanxi Province， on March 25. The drama includes ballads as well as depicting scenes of the tea picking and tea making processes.
Beijing is planning to clean all polluted rivers and ponds by the end of this year.
According to the Beijing Water Authority， there were previously around 140 polluted rivers in the city， 57 of which have already been cleaned. The rest will be cleaned by the year’s end.
The city uses over 1 billion cubic meters of recycled water per annum and has built or renovated 50 water treatment facilities over the past few years.
Beijing is perennially troubled by water shortages. Since 2014， the capital has received more than 3.22 billion cubic meters of water through the middle route of the south-tonorth water diversion project.
The middle diversion route begins at the Danjiangkou Reservoir in central China’s Hubei Province and runs across Henan and Hebei provinces before reaching Beijing and Tianjin.
Beijing has appointed more than 5，900 river chiefs to oversee water conservation at different administrative levels.
A week of saving water began in China on March 22， to mark World Water Day.
Development in Tibet
On March 27， a senior offi cial in southwest China’s Tibet Autonomous Region said that the Tibetan people are confi dent that they can live a happier life under the leadership of the Communist Party of China （CPC）.
Qizhala， Chairman of the regional government， made the remarks during a televised speech on the eve of Serfs’ Emancipation Day.
“No force can prevent Tibetan people from having a well-off life and realizing their great dream， as long as we rally closely around the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core and hold high the great banner of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era，” Qizhala said.
“Any attempt to split the country， doomed to fail， will be condemned by the people and penalized by history，” he said.
March 28 was formally designated Serfs’ Emancipation Day by the regional legislature in 2009， to mark the start of Tibetan democracy which ended the system of feudal serfdom in 1959， freeing 1 million serfs， or 90 percent of the region’s population at the time.
“Those who had endured the darkness will cherish the brightness the most，” Qizhala said， referring to the cruel abuse of serfs and the backwardness of Tibet under the system of feudal serfdom.
Tibet reported a 10-percent GDP growth last year， marking the 25th straight year of double-digit growth in the region.
The GDP of the region reached 131.06 billion yuan （$20.5 billion） in 2017， and the per-capita disposable income of its urban and rural residents increased by 10.3 percent and 13.6 percent， respectively.
Over the past fi ve years， 530，000 people in Tibet have been lifted out of poverty， and the region recently took the lead by becoming the fi rst in the country to provide 15-year compulsory education and free medical checks for its residents.
A series of “sponge city” projects are underway in Wuhan ， a sprawling metropolis in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and capital of central China’s Hubei Province.
Xue Bo， Director of the Reform and Development Commission in the city’s Qingshan District， one of several key demonstration areas for the “sponge city” projects， said that the renovation of the embankment area in the district had made a big change.
The 9-km-long embankment was previously used as a transportation artery for trucks， but has now been turned into a park， he said.
The local government has invested around 2 billion yuan （$317 million） to plant greenery， reinforce the river bank and build waterpermeable roads.
More projects are in the pipeline， including upgrading the sewage system and building new roads， with total investment expected to reach 9.5 billion yuan （$1.52 billion）.
“The ‘sponge city’ projects are aimed at retaining water and recycling rainfall. They help reduce f looding and curb soil erosion. The practice is also being used in cities in Guangdong and Fujian provinces as well as Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region，” said Han Gangping， chief engineer of the renovation project.
China has around 600 cities， of which almost 400 lack water. Southern Chinese cities in particular wrestle with the dual challenges of water scarcity and urban fl ooding.
According to a timetable released by the Chinese Government in October 2015， 20 percent of China’s cities should have modern sewage systems and infrastructure allowing effi cient rainwater absorption by 2020， with the number set to rise to 80 percent by 2030.
Eco-friendly burials will account for more than 50 percent of all burial practices in China by 2020 in order to conserve land， a guideline released by the government said.
Eco-friendly burial practices include the storing of ashes in cells within funeral homes， tree burials and burials at sea， said the guideline published by 16 departments including the Ministry of Civil Affairs.
By 2020， there will be a funeral parlor with a crematorium in every county which meets national environmental protection standards， and public eco-friendly burial facilities will be available in all villages and towns， the guideline noted.
Chinese tradition holds that the deceased should be buried in coffi ns beside their ancestors， but this custom has put a strain on the country’s land resources.
In confronting the problem in recent years， Chinese authorities have promoted eco-friendly burials nationwide.
More than 1.4 million divorce petitions were settled by courts across China in 2017， according to a report made public by the Supreme People’s Court on March 22.
According to the report， 65.8 percent of cases were resolved with the couples staying married.
Figures from 2016 and 2017 showed that marital issues were most likely to occur between the second and seventh years of marriage.
In 91.1 percent of divorce cases， only one party wanted to separate. Over 77.5 percent of the cases were fi led due to the couple being on bad terms.
The report also showed that in 14.9 percent of cases， one party petitioned for divorce on the grounds of domestic violence， and in over 91 percent of those cases， the female partner was the victim of this violence.
Chinese police are to start punishing delivery drivers for serious and repeated traffi c violations， as the sector’s boom in recent years has led to many accidents attributable to their reckless driving habits. Traffi c offenses including the running of red lights and speeding are common and disrupt traffi c causing accidents in many cities， the Traffi c Management Bureau of the Public Security Ministry said on March 26 at a meeting attended by representatives of the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing.
The bureau and federation agreed that delivery drivers who are found to have repeatedly violated traffi c rules will be banned from working in the sector.
There are more than 20，000 delivery companies across the country， which provide services for over 200 million people on average each day.
China has the world’s largest express delivery sector， accounting for more than 40 percent of the world’s total delivery volume. The sector generated 496 billion yuan（$77 billion） in 2017， according to statistics released by the State Post Bureau.
Pupils learn about traffi c safety with a police offi cer at the Dongzhongshi Experimental Primary School in Suzhou， east China’s Jiangsu Province， on March 26， China’s national safety education day for middle and primary school
Unmanned submersible Hailong III completes a 400-meter deep-sea test dive in the west Pacifi c Ocean on March 24. This was Hailong III’s fi rstunderwater test in the ocean.
CO2 Emissions Target Reached
China’s carbon trading system enabled the country to reach its 2020 carbon emissions target in 2017， China’s special representative on climate change said.
At the Green Carbon Summit held in Shanghai on March 26， Xie Zhenhua reported that by the end of 2017， China had cut carbon dioxide（CO2） emissions per unit of GDP by 46 percent from the 2005 level， fulfi lling its commitment to reduce CO2 emissions by 40 to 45 percent from the 2005 level by 2020.
From 2005 to 2015， China’s economy grew by 1.48 times， and at the same time， carbon intensity dropped by 38.6 percent. In 2016， the rate continued to fall by 6.6 percent year on year.
According to China’s commitment to the Paris Agreement， it will have to cut carbon emissions per unit of GDP by 60-65 percent by 2030 from the 2005 level.
The carbon emissions trading system was initiated in 2011 and includes the power generation， iron and steel production and cement manufacturing sectors in seven provinces and municipalities including Shanghai， Xie said.
Transactions totaling 200 million tons of carbon emissions quotas were completed via the platform by the end of 2017， with total turnover hitting 4.7 billion yuan （$748 million）.
The National Development and Reform Commission launched a nationwide carbon emissions trading system in the power generation industry in December 2017.
Under the plan， enterprises are assigned emissions quotas and those producing more than their share of emissions are allowed to buy unused quotas on the market from those that cause less pollution. Xie said the system is a step toward establishing a national carbon market. Relevant departments should take measures to facilitate registration， trade settlements and accounting to better regulate the carbon market.
Industrial Profit Growth
China’s major industrial fi rms saw stronger profi t growth in the fi rst two months of 2018 thanks to improved effi ciency and profi tability， adding to evidence of a stable economy.
Industrial companies with annual revenue of more than 20 million yuan （$3.1 million） reported profi ts of 969 billion yuan （$154.2 billion） in the fi rst two months， a 16.1-percent increase from a year earlier， the National Bureau of Statistics （NBS） said on March 27 in a statement.
The reading was 5.3 percentage points higher than the growth registered in December 2017， according to the NBS.
Among the 41 industries surveyed， 29 posted year-on-year profi t growth during the January-February period.
The pharmaceutical， coal mining and textiles industries all reported faster growth during the two-month period， said the NBS.
NBS statistician He Ping attributed the profi t growth to improved profi tability and reduced costs.“While industrial profi ts maintained rapid growth， improvements were made in effi ciency and profi tability，”He said.
In the fi rst two months， costs per 100 yuan （$16） of revenue dropped 0.33 yuan （$0.05） from the same period in 2017， according to He. Meanwhile， the profi t rate of major industrial companies rose by 0.33 percentage points to 6.1 percent.
He mentioned that the leverage ratio in Chinese industrial enterprises also fell. By the end of February， their debt-asset ratio dropped 0.8 percentage points from a year ago to 56.3 percent.
Industrial output， which accounts for about one third of China’s GDP， expanded by 7.2 percent year on year in the fi rst two months of 2018， accelerating from 6.2 percent growth in December 2017.
Time to Read
Citizens visit the 2018 Nanjing Book Fair in the capital of east China’s Jiangsu Province on March 22. The four-day event， displaying more than 300，000 books， kicked off that day.
Defusing Financial Risks
China’s fi nancial sector is capable of resolving external impacts， governor of the country’s central bank said on March 25 while responding to questions on possible new risks from rising global uncertainties.
“If external impacts spread to China， our banking system， securities and insurance markets， equipped with quantity and price regulation， are fully capable of defusing the risks，” Yi Gang， head of the People’s Bank of China （PBOC）， said at the China Development Forum in Beijing.
Yi stressed the signifi cance of forestalling systemic risks and dealing with domestic issues. “If we can handle our own issues properly， we will have a sound foundation to fend off external impacts.”
When addressing the forum， the newly appointed PBOC chief listed the country’s main fi nancial work as implementing a prudent and neutral monetary policy， promoting fi nancial reform and opening up， and defusing major fi nancial risks to maintain stability.
Since the economy posted a better-than-expected performance for 2017， China will keep its policy stance and strengthen fi nancial support for the real economy， Yi said. The macro prudential regulatory framework will be improved and M2， new loans and total social fi nancing will see reasonable growth.
Steady progress has been made in China’s fi nancial opening up and more measures are in the pipeline to ease access control， Yi said. “China will comprehensively adopt a nega- tive list approach for market access management as the next step in propelling the two-way opening up of the fi nancial sector.”
Yi also highlighted the ongoing battle against fi nancial risks， saying the country will move to fi x weak links in fi nancial supervision and crack down on illegal activities.
He cited risks in corporate leverage and market violations such as shadow banking.
China will adopt market-based measures including a debt-to-equity swap to rein in the rapid growth of overall social debt， Yi said.
Hitting the Road
A self-driving vehicle for public road testing runs on a road in Beijing on March 22. Beijing released its fi rst temporary license plates for Baidu’s selfdriving vehicles. The capital has opened 33 roads with a total length of 105 km for autonomous car testing outside the Fifth Ring Road and away from densely populated areas on the outskirts.
Innovation and Competence
China’s growing competence and investment in new technology will promote the transformation of the healthcare industry， according to the chairman and CEO of Johnson and Johnson （J&J）.
“It’s been remarkable to see the progress that’s been made here over the last 30 to 40 years， even over the last 10 years，” Alex Gorsky said in an interview.
According to Gorsky， an increasing number of U.S. companies are investing in the Chinese biopharmaceutical sector.
“This really is a testament to our belief in China and in its technological capabilities，” he said.
China， with its technological advances， is an important market for J&J， Gorsky told Xinhua， adding that the company has established mul- tiple innovation and development centers.
In 2017， J&J introduced its new Ethicon factory in Suzhou， east China’s Jiangsu Province. With a total investment of $180 million， the factory covers 14，776 square meters and is expected to be in operation by 2019.
Gorsky said one of the company’s most prolifi c areas of innovation today is its innovation centers， which bring together problem-solving scientists.
An irrigation facility in use in a kiwi fi eld in Yiyuan County， east China’s Shandong Province， on March 23. More than 26，666 hectares of land are using water-saving irrigation systems throughout the county.